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Diabetes Specialist

J. Wesley Earley, MD, MBA -  - Direct Primary Care

Cornerstone Family Medicine

J. Wesley Earley, MD, MBA

Direct Primary Care located in Washington, NC

Diabetes is a serious illness that can’t be cured, but it can be controlled with help from an experienced physician. If you have diabetes, you can trust family physician J. Wesley Earley, MD, and the caring team at Cornerstone Family Medicine to help you manage the condition so you can continue to lead a full life and avoid serious complications. For accurate diagnosis and personalized care for diabetes, schedule a consultation by calling the office in Washington, North Carolina.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects the way your body processes glucose or blood sugar. Normally, a hormone called insulin transports sugar from your blood to the cells of your body to provide them with energy. 

When you have diabetes, you either can’t produce enough insulin, or your body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin. Therefore, excess glucose remains in your bloodstream, causing a variety of symptoms. 

What causes diabetes?

There are two main types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes typically arises in childhood, while Type 2 diabetes is an acquired disease that causes your body to become resistant to insulin.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an inherited disease in which your immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin. When you have Type 1 diabetes, your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, so daily insulin shots are required to prevent dangerous complications.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes arises from factors such as a high sugar diet, a sedentary lifestyle, and obesity. These factors cause your body to become resistant to the effects of insulin. Over time, this affects insulin production, resulting in diabetes.

A third type of diabetes, known as gestational diabetes, can develop in otherwise healthy women during pregnancy. 

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

Some of the most common signs and symptoms associated with diabetes include:

  • Excessive thirst 
  • Extreme hunger
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Wounds that are slow to heal

When left untreated, diabetes can lead to severe health complications, such as:

  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Nerve damage
  • Kidney damage
  • Eye damage (diabetic retinopathy)
  • Foot problems
  • Hearing problems

Diabetes is also associated with an increased risk of depression.

How can a doctor address diabetes?

Diabetes can’t be cured, but it can be managed, so it doesn’t lead to dangerous complications. When Dr. Earley determines that you have diabetes, he designs a custom treatment plan based on your individual needs.

Your personal diabetes management plan may include:

  • Regular blood sugar monitoring
  • Dietary and lifestyle changes
  • Oral medications
  • Insulin therapy

Cornerstone Family Medicine offers health coaching to help you lose weight and develop healthy nutrition and lifestyle habits. A nutritious, low-sugar diet and regular exercise can dramatically improve your condition and keep you safe from future diabetes-related health concerns.

For outstanding diabetes care from a team of experts, schedule a consultation at Cornerstone Family Medicine. Call the office today.